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Domincan people

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The Dominican Republic became a nation on 27 February when a group of revolutionaries seized power from the Haitian rulers of Domincan people island of Hispaniola. A few years later the city of Santo Domingo became the Spanish capital of the New World, and because of its location in the trade winds, it was the gateway to the Caribbean.

France gained a foothold on the western Domincan people of the island, which became prosperous, and by Spain ceded the entire island to France.

By the black African slaves in the western portion of the island now Haiti rebelled against the French and ruled the entire island. French troops eventually reclaimed the island, but were able to occupy only the western end. In a Domincan people group of Spanish-speaking Dominican intellectuals from Santo Domingo Domincan people a secret society called La Trinitaria Domincan people overthrow the Haitian rule.

The society was established by Juan Pablo Duarte, the son of a wealthy Dominican family. After the overthrow, Pedro Santana, one of the leaders in the revolution, became the first president of the Dominican Republic. The complex heritage of Arawak, Spanish, African, and French traditions, plus an early independence, set the Dominican Republic apart from other Caribbean islands.

Independence was won before slavery was abolished in the Spanish Caribbean and a century before the decolonization of the other islands. The Dominicans consider themselves Domincan people Latin American than Caribbean. In addition, they retain close ties with the United States, which occupied the island in the early twentieth century. The national community is struggling to build a democracy against a corrupt and authoritarian political elite.

The Dominican Republic is located on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola and is 18, square miles 48, square kilometersabout twice "Domincan people" size of New Hampshire. The western portion of the island is occupied by the republic of Haiti. Hispaniola is near the center of the West Indies, a group of islands that extend from Florida to Venezuela. The mountains of the Dominican Republic divide the country into northern, central, and southwestern regions.

The central region is dominated by the Cordillera Central central range which ends at the Caribbean Sea. The highest point in the Caribbean is Pico Duarte, which reaches an elevation of over 10, feet 3, meters and has alpine forests near the summit.

The Caribbean coastal plain includes a series of limestone terraces that gradually rise to a height of about feet meters and has sugarcane plantations. Much of the region is a desert and it includes Lake Enriquillo, the island's largest lake.

Lake Enriquillo is a saltwater lake that lies feet 46 meters below sea level and is inhabited by unique fauna, including Domincan people, huge iguanas, and flamingos. The diverse geography of the country includes miles 1, kilometers of coastline with beautiful white-sand beaches and rocky cliffs and Dominican Republic warm Domincan people, all of which are attractive to tourists.

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The most significant river in the country, with a drainage basin of 2, square miles 7, square kilometersis Yaque del Norte, which starts at Pico Duarte and empties into the Bahia de Monte Cristi on the northwest coast. The weather is mostly tropical, especially along the southern and eastern coasts. The time and magnitude of the rainy season varies in different parts of the country, but generally occurs in late spring and early fall. The capital, Santo Domingo, was the first permanent European settlement in the New World and was established by Spain in The Colonial Zone of Santo Domingo is one of the great treasures of Spanish America today, with many original buildings intact and restored.

The population of the Dominican Republic is about 8. Seventy-three percent of the population is mixed race—combinations of descendants of Spaniards and other Europeans, West African slaves, and natives.

Sixteen percent is Caucasian and 11 percent is black, which includes a Haitian minority. Dominicans have migrated from rural areas to the cities. The capital, Santo Domingo, has over 2. Estimates of the birth rate range from seventeen per thousand to twenty-five per Domincan people estimated.

The death rate estimate varies from one per thousand in to five per thousand estimated. The infant mortality rate is Domincan people high at thirty-six deaths per thousand live births estimated. Nevertheless, the total fertility rate is three children born per woman estimated. The net migration rate is minus Domincan people migrants per Domincan people estimated.

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Spanish is the official language and is universally spoken. Dominicans pride themselves on Domincan people purity of their Spanish and it is considered by some to be the most classical Castilian spoken in Latin America.

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