Delicious strawberries Fragaria x ananassa and fresh from the plant, are ambrosial rewards for gardeners. If you want to make more plants from the successful ones in your garden, use vegetative reproduction so all the resulting plants have the same characteristics as the parent plants. There are two kinds of vegetative reproduction: Reproduction by seed is used for species strawberries and heirloom strawberries, since these grow true from seed.
The techniques used depend on what kind of strawberry plants you have. Current strawberry cultivars come from hybridization between species strawberries native to forests and meadows of Europe, North and South America and Asia. Some of these species are still grown as crop and garden plants. Hybrids are classed by when they bloom. Once-blooming or June-bearing strawberries flower and bloom once in the spring.
Day-neutral strawberries bloom several times a season. Everbearers have a spring and a fall crop. Some strawberry species don't have runners and grow from seed. Most hybrids produce runners, but some varieties, especially everbearing ones, don't have many runners per season. The method used most for strawberry plant reproduction is rooting from runners. Runners -- or stolons -- are long stems that grow sideways from the plants, with occasional nodes that each grow a daughter plant. To make a new plant, Strawberry plants reproduce asexually the bottom of the node where the daughter plant has formed in contact with the soil.
You can either root the plant in the strawberry bed to increase the thickness of the planting or you can bring in a 3-inch pot filled with potting mix and place the daughter plant in the pot. Hold the runner down on both sides of the node with bent wire, crossed sticks, hairpins, or other means that will hold it firmly in contact with the soil. New roots will form at the bottom of the stem under the daughter plant.
Once "Strawberry plants reproduce asexually" is well-rooted, you can cut the runner between the new plant and the mother plant.
In instances where the particular strawberry variety doesn't produce a lot of runners or where you want to renovate plantings by dividing older plants, use division. When an individual strawberry plant grows bigger, it does so by producing lateral crowns -- the part of the plant above the roots that grow the leaves -- at the sides of the main crown. To divide the plant, dig it up and the soil from the roots along the sides of the plant.
Use clean pruning shears and cut off the side shoots and their roots. Put the divisions in individual pots to recover and start growing on their own. Replant the mother plant. This technique can put the mother plant at risk for infections because of the wounds incurred. Modern garden hybrids have complex breeding pedigrees and don't come true from seeds.
Seedlings grown from hybrid plants usually have small, not very tasty fruit and aren't rewarding to grow fruit-producing garden plants. Alpine strawberry Fragaria vesca is an example of a strawberry species that doesn't produce runners and grows true from seed, an ideal type to reproduce from seed.
Sow strawberry seeds in clean nursery flats filled with soil-less potting mix in spring about two months before the last frost. Put the planted, watered flat in partial sunlight where the soil will stay between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and keep the soil moist but not soggy. After the seeds germinate in about three weeks, keep the soil evenly moist until seedlings have two to three sets of true leaves.
Transplant them into individual 4-inch pots for eventual placement in the garden or into a container, if they are to be container plants. To harvest seeds, pick ripe alpine strawberries, let them dry on a newspaper and then rub the dry fruits between your hands to release the seeds onto a clean piece of paper.
Cathryn Chaney has worked as a gardening writer since Her horticultural experience working in the nursery industry informs her garden articles, especially those dealing with arid landscaping and drought-tolerant gardening.
Chaney also writes poetry, which
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Home Guides Garden Garden Care. Types of Strawberries Current strawberry cultivars come from hybridization between species strawberries native to forests and meadows of Europe, North and South America and Asia.
Runners The method used most for strawberry plant reproduction is rooting from runners. Divisions In instances where the Strawberry plants reproduce asexually strawberry variety doesn't produce a lot of runners or where you want to renovate plantings by dividing older plants, use division. Seeds Modern garden hybrids have complex breeding pedigrees and don't come true from seeds. References 5 University of New Hampshire: Purdue University Cooperative Extension Program: About the Author Cathryn Chaney has worked as a gardening writer since Accessed 17 November How Do Strawberry Plants Reproduce?
Home Guides SF Gate. Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. Sep 21, The strawberry plant, which is a perennial Strawberry plants reproduce asexually of living several years, has more than one way of reproducing.
One of its reproductive. When a strawberry plant reproduces asexually, it does not have to mate or cross- pollinate.